Conventional Financing Principles
In Conventional Financing, lenders lend to borrowers to make a profit from the interest charged on the principal amount. For property loans, borrowers pay an interest on the outstanding principal amount. Interest rates can be a fixed rate or based on a floating rate (e.g. BLR, KLIBOR).
Payment is made over a set tenure by installments. A portion of each installment paid goes towards servicing the interest, while the remainder goes towards paying down the principal.
Since the contract is not based on an absolute value (e.g. A sale price), the sooner the borrower can pay down the principal, the cheaper the amount of interest paid.
The loan contract for Conventional Financing is known as a Loan Facility Agreement.
Islamic Financing Principles
Islamic Financing avoids interest-based transactions (riba), and instead introduces the concept of buying something on the borrower’s behalf, and selling it back to the borrower at profit. In place of interest, a profit rate is defined in the contract. Like Conventional Financing, profit rates can be a fixed rate, or based on a floating rate (e.g. BFR).
The majority of Islamic home financing options in Malaysia today are based on the Bai Bithamin Ajil (BBA) concept. A small number of alternatives are based on the Musyarakah Mutanaqisah (MM) concept (which will not be covered in this article).
The principal amount, tenure and profit rate determines the “sale price” and the profit earned by the lender. Like Conventional financing, payments are deferred over instalments.
The loan contract for BBA Islamic Financing is known as a Sale and Buy-Back Agreement.
Benefits of Islamic Financing over Conventional Financing
As part of the Malaysian Government's efforts to promote Islamic Financing in general
- For an indefinite amount of time, there will be a 20% stamp duty discount for Islamic Loan Agreement documents. Note: In conventional financing, there are only 2 legal docments necessary - Facility Agreement and Charge documents. But for Islamic financing, there are at least 3 (for some products 4), which brings up the total legal costs.
- In cases of refinancing from Conventional to Islamic packages, there will be a 100% stamp duty waiver on the existing refinance loan balance. This is not applicable to any amount over and above the existing refinance loan balance.
Benefits of BBA Islamic Financing
- For floating profit rates, profit rates are capped at a maximum. Conventional floating interest rates have no such cap
- Late settlement of loans can incur lower charges than Conventional loans as there is no concept of compounding interest calculation. However, in practice, other fees and charges may apply that could offset this benefit
Benefits of Conventional Financing over Islamic Financing
- For Conventional loans, if a borrower alters the terms of the finance (E.g. Increase the facility amount), the Loan Facility Agreement would only need to be up-stamped. For Islamic financing, a new Sale And Buy-back Agreement (BBA) needs to be drawn up, making it more expensive.
- Islamic financing have difficulty in restructuring or refinancing in the case of default
- Your costs for early settlements, late payments or defaults are more transparent in the contract as compared to Islamic financing.
Anyone (not just Muslims) can take up Islamic financing. But if your occupation is not deemed “halal”, there could be difficulty in obtaining the loan.
With increasing maturity of Islamic finance, the differences between Islamic and Conventional loan products have narrowed considerably. In another article, we explain about Islamic Home Loans in detail.
If you are unsure whether to go with Conventional or Islamic financing, make use of Loanstreet’s Home Loan Comparison by selecting both Islamic and Conventional options. This way, you can compare the best packages both options have to offer.